Bronchiectasis is a chronic lung condition where scarring of the lung tissue makes breathing difficult and leaves patients susceptible to lung infections—but how does bronchiectasis begin?
Basically, there are two ways in which a person can develop bronchiectasis. The first is congenital, which is due to the lungs developing abnormally while still in the womb. This type of bronchiectasis is quite rare.
The more common type is known as “acquired bronchiectasis” and develops due to damage to the wall in the airways of the lungs which could be caused by either a childhood infection such as measles or whooping cough, or a lung infection such as pneumonia later in life. Connective tissue disease such as rheumatoid arthritis and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) can lead to scarring of the lungs and bronchiectasis. In addition, the presence of another lung disease such as COPD or cystic fibrosis. (source healthline.com)
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